Discover the 195 Countries: Capitals and Currencies Around the World

List of Countries, Capitals, and national Currencies

What Makes a Country Independent?

An independent country is defined by several key criteria:

  • Sovereignty: An independent country must possess full sovereignty, which means it has the exclusive right to govern its territory without interference from external forces. This includes the ability to make and enforce laws, control its borders, and maintain its own military and foreign policy.
  • Defined Territory: An independent country must have clearly defined borders that separate it from neighboring countries. These borders are typically recognized by international agreements and treaties.
  • Permanent Population: An independent country must have a stable and permanent population of residents who live within its borders. This population can include citizens and other legal residents.
  • Government: An independent country must have a functioning government that exercises authority and control over its territory. This government can take various forms, such as a democracy, monarchy, or republic.
  • Capacity to Enter into Relations: An independent country must have the capacity to enter into diplomatic relations with other countries and international organizations. This includes the ability to negotiate treaties and agreements.
  • International Recognition: Perhaps the most crucial aspect of independence is international recognition. Other sovereign states and international organizations must recognize a country’s independence for it to be considered a fully independent nation. Recognition can be formalized through diplomatic relations and membership in international organizations like the United Nations.

Example case of South Sudan

Consider this case of South Sudan

  • Sovereignty: South Sudan declared its independence from Sudan on July 9, 2011, following a referendum. It gained full control over its governance and territory.
  • Defined Territory: South Sudan’s borders were established through the Comprehensive Peace Agreement and are recognized by the international community.
  • Permanent Population: South Sudan has a permanent population of residents who live within its borders.
  • Government: South Sudan has its own government, with its own president and institutions, that governs the country.
  • Capacity to Enter into Relations: South Sudan can enter into diplomatic relations with other countries and international organizations.
  • International Recognition: South Sudan’s independence was internationally recognized, and it is a member of the United Nations.

Certainly! Here’s a simpler version for grade 5 students:

“Till September 2021, there were 195 countries that the whole world recognized as separate and independent. These countries have their own special names, places where they make important decisions (capital cities), and the type of money they use (currency).

Would you like to learn about some of these countries and their capital cities and money?”

here is some of details:

List of Countries tarting with Letter A

CountryCapitalCurrency
AfghanistanKabulAfghan Afghani (AFN)
AlbaniaTiranaAlbanian Lek (ALL)
AlgeriaAlgiersAlgerian Dinar (DZD)
AndorraAndorra la VellaEuro (EUR)
AngolaLuandaAngolan Kwanza (AOA)
Antigua and BarbudaSaint John’sEastern Caribbean Dollar (XCD)
ArgentinaBuenos AiresArgentine Peso (ARS)
ArmeniaYerevanArmenian Dram (AMD)
AustraliaCanberraAustralian Dollar (AUD)
AustriaViennaEuro (EUR)
AzerbaijanBakuAzerbaijani Manat (AZN)

List of Countries tarting with Letter B

CountryCapitalCurrency
BahamasNassauBahamian Dollar (BSD)
BahrainManamaBahraini Dinar (BHD)
BangladeshDhakaBangladeshi Taka (BDT)
BarbadosBridgetownBarbadian Dollar (BBD)
BelarusMinskBelarusian Ruble (BYN)
BelgiumBrusselsEuro (EUR)
BelizeBelmopanBelize Dollar (BZD)
BeninPorto-Novo (Official), Cotonou (Administrative)West African CFA Franc (XOF)
BhutanThimphuBhutanese Ngultrum (BTN)
BoliviaSucre (Official), La Paz (Administrative)Bolivian Boliviano (BOB)
Bosnia and HerzegovinaSarajevoBosnia and Herzegovina Convertible Mark (BAM)
BotswanaGaboroneBotswana Pula (BWP)
BrazilBrasíliaBrazilian Real (BRL)

List of Countries tarting with Letter C

CountryCapitalCurrency
Cabo VerdePraiaCape Verdean Escudo (CVE)
CambodiaPhnom PenhCambodian Riel (KHR)
CameroonYaoundéCentral African CFA Franc (XAF)
CanadaOttawaCanadian Dollar (CAD)
Central African RepublicBanguiCentral African CFA Franc (XAF)
ChadN’DjamenaCentral African CFA Franc (XAF)
ChileSantiagoChilean Peso (CLP)
ChinaBeijingChinese Yuan Renminbi (CNY)
ColombiaBogotáColombian Peso (COP)
ComorosMoroniComorian Franc (KMF)
Congo (Congo-Brazzaville)BrazzavilleCentral African CFA Franc (XAF)
Congo, Democratic Republic of the (Congo-Kinshasa)KinshasaCongolese Franc (CDF)
Costa RicaSan JoséCosta Rican Colón (CRC)
CroatiaZagrebCroatian Kuna (HRK)
CubaHavanaCuban Peso (CUP)
CyprusNicosiaEuro (EUR) and Cypriot Pound (CYP) [Note: CYP is no longer in circulation]
Czech RepublicPragueCzech Koruna (CZK)

List of Countries tarting with Letter D – F

CountryCapitalCurrency
DominicaRoseauEastern Caribbean Dollar (XCD)
Dominican RepublicSanto DomingoDominican Peso (DOP)
EcuadorQuitoUnited States Dollar (USD)
EgyptCairoEgyptian Pound (EGP)
El SalvadorSan SalvadorUnited States Dollar (USD)
Equatorial GuineaMalaboCentral African CFA Franc (XAF)
EritreaAsmaraEritrean Nakfa (ERN)
EstoniaTallinnEuro (EUR)
Eswatini (formerly Swaziland)Mbabane (Administrative), Lobamba (Royal and Legislative)Swazi Lilangeni (SZL) and South African Rand (ZAR)
EthiopiaAddis AbabaEthiopian Birr (ETB)
FijiSuvaFijian Dollar (FJD)
FinlandHelsinkiEuro (EUR)
FranceParisEuro (EUR)

List of Countries tarting with Letter G – I

CountryCapitalCurrency
GabonLibrevilleCentral African CFA Franc (XAF)
GambiaBanjulGambian Dalasi (GMD)
GeorgiaTbilisiGeorgian Lari (GEL)
GermanyBerlinEuro (EUR)
GhanaAccraGhanaian Cedi (GHS)
GreeceAthensEuro (EUR)
GrenadaSt. George’sEastern Caribbean Dollar (XCD)
GuatemalaGuatemala CityGuatemalan Quetzal (GTQ)
GuineaConakryGuinean Franc (GNF)
Guinea-BissauBissauWest African CFA Franc (XOF)
GuyanaGeorgetownGuyanese Dollar (GYD)
HaitiPort-au-PrinceHaitian Gourde (HTG)
HondurasTegucigalpaHonduran Lempira (HNL)
HungaryBudapestHungarian Forint (HUF)
IcelandReykjavikIcelandic Krona (ISK)
IndiaNew DelhiIndian Rupee (INR)
IndonesiaJakartaIndonesian Rupiah (IDR)
IranTehranIranian Rial (IRR)
IraqBaghdadIraqi Dinar (IQD)
IrelandDublinEuro (EUR)
IsraelJerusalem (claimed)Israeli New Shekel (ILS)
ItalyRomeEuro (EUR)

List of Countries tarting with Letter J – L

CountryCapitalCurrency
JamaicaKingstonJamaican Dollar (JMD)
JapanTokyoJapanese Yen (JPY)
JordanAmmanJordanian Dinar (JOD)
KazakhstanNur-Sultan (formerly Astana)Kazakhstani Tenge (KZT)
KenyaNairobiKenyan Shilling (KES)
KiribatiSouth TarawaKiribati Dollar (Australian Dollar is also widely used) (AUD)
KosovoPristinaEuro (EUR)
KuwaitKuwait CityKuwaiti Dinar (KWD)
KyrgyzstanBishkekKyrgyzstani Som (KGS)
LaosVientianeLao Kip (LAK)
LatviaRigaEuro (EUR)
LebanonBeirutLebanese Pound (LBP)
LesothoMaseruLesotho Loti (LSL) and South African Rand (ZAR)
LiberiaMonroviaLiberian Dollar (LRD)
LibyaTripoliLibyan Dinar (LYD)
LiechtensteinVaduzSwiss Franc (CHF)

List of Countries tarting with Letter M – O

CountryCapitalCurrency
MadagascarAntananarivoMalagasy Ariary (MGA)
MalawiLilongweMalawian Kwacha (MWK)
MalaysiaKuala Lumpur (Administrative), Putrajaya (Administrative)Malaysian Ringgit (MYR)
MaldivesMaléMaldivian Rufiyaa (MVR)
MaliBamakoWest African CFA Franc (XOF)
MaltaVallettaEuro (EUR)
Marshall IslandsMajuroUnited States Dollar (USD)
MauritaniaNouakchottMauritanian Ouguiya (MRU)
MauritiusPort LouisMauritian Rupee (MUR)
MexicoMexico CityMexican Peso (MXN)
MicronesiaPalikirUnited States Dollar (USD)
MoldovaChișinăuMoldovan Leu (MDL)
MonacoMonacoEuro (EUR)
MongoliaUlaanbaatarMongolian Tögrög (MNT)
MontenegroPodgoricaEuro (EUR)
MoroccoRabatMoroccan Dirham (MAD)
MozambiqueMaputoMozambican Metical (MZN)
Myanmar (Burma)NaypyidawBurmese Kyat (MMK)
NamibiaWindhoekNamibian Dollar (NAD) and South African Rand (ZAR)
NauruYarenAustralian Dollar (AUD)
NepalKathmanduNepalese Rupee (NPR)
NetherlandsAmsterdam (Official), The Hague (Seat of Government)Euro (EUR)
New ZealandWellingtonNew Zealand Dollar (NZD)
NicaraguaManaguaNicaraguan Córdoba (NIO)
NigerNiameyWest African CFA Franc (XOF)
NigeriaAbujaNigerian Naira (NGN)
North MacedoniaSkopjeMacedonian Denar (MKD)
NorwayOsloNorwegian Krone (NOK)

List of Countries tarting with Letter P – R

CountryCapitalCurrency
PakistanIslamabad (Capital), Karachi (Largest City)Pakistani Rupee (PKR)
PalauNgerulmud (Official), Melekeok (Legislative)United States Dollar (USD)
PalestineEast Jerusalem (Claimed as the Capital)Israeli New Shekel (ILS)
PanamaPanama CityPanamanian Balboa (PAB) and United States Dollar (USD)
Papua New GuineaPort MoresbyPapua New Guinean Kina (PGK)
ParaguayAsunciónParaguayan Guarani (PYG)
PeruLimaPeruvian Nuevo Sol (PEN)
PhilippinesManilaPhilippine Peso (PHP)
PolandWarsawPolish Złoty (PLN)
PortugalLisbonEuro (EUR)
QatarDohaQatari Riyal (QAR)
RomaniaBucharestRomanian Leu (RON)
RussiaMoscowRussian Ruble (RUB)
RwandaKigaliRwandan Franc (RWF)

List of Countries tarting with Letter S

CountryCapitalCurrency
Saint Kitts and NevisBasseterreEastern Caribbean Dollar (XCD)
Saint LuciaCastriesEastern Caribbean Dollar (XCD)
Saint Vincent and the GrenadinesKingstownEastern Caribbean Dollar (XCD)
SamoaApiaSamoan Tala (WST)
San MarinoSan MarinoEuro (EUR)
Sao Tome and PrincipeSao TomeSao Tome and Principe Dobra (STN)
Saudi ArabiaRiyadhSaudi Riyal (SAR)
SenegalDakarWest African CFA Franc (XOF)
SerbiaBelgradeSerbian Dinar (RSD)
SeychellesVictoriaSeychellois Rupee (SCR)
Sierra LeoneFreetownSierra Leonean Leone (SLL)
SingaporeSingaporeSingapore Dollar (SGD)
SlovakiaBratislavaEuro (EUR)
SloveniaLjubljanaEuro (EUR)
Solomon IslandsHoniaraSolomon Islands Dollar (SBD)
SomaliaMogadishuSomali Shilling (SOS)
South AfricaPretoria (Administrative), Bloemfontein (Judicial), Cape Town (Legislative)South African Rand (ZAR)
South KoreaSeoulSouth Korean Won (KRW)
South SudanJubaSouth Sudanese Pound (SSP)
SpainMadridEuro (EUR)
Sri LankaColombo (Commercial), Sri Jayawardenepura Kotte (Administrative)Sri Lankan Rupee (LKR)
SudanKhartoumSudanese Pound (SDG)
SurinameParamariboSurinamese Dollar (SRD)
SwedenStockholmSwedish Krona (SEK)
SwitzerlandBern (De Facto), Zurich (Largest City)Swiss Franc (CHF)

List of Countries tarting with Letter T – U

CountryCapitalCurrency
TaiwanTaipeiNew Taiwan Dollar (TWD)
TajikistanDushanbeTajikistani Somoni (TJS)
TanzaniaDodoma (Official), Dar es Salaam (Commercial)Tanzanian Shilling (TZS)
ThailandBangkokThai Baht (THB)
Timor-Leste (East Timor)DiliUnited States Dollar (USD)
TogoLomeWest African CFA Franc (XOF)
TongaNuku’alofaTongan Pa’anga (TOP)
Trinidad and TobagoPort of SpainTrinidad and Tobago Dollar (TTD)
TunisiaTunisTunisian Dinar (TND)
TurkeyAnkaraTurkish Lira (TRY)
TurkmenistanAshgabatTurkmenistan Manat (TMT)
TuvaluFunafutiAustralian Dollar (AUD)
UgandaKampalaUgandan Shilling (UGX)
UkraineKyiv (Kiev)Ukrainian Hryvnia (UAH)
United Arab EmiratesAbu DhabiUnited Arab Emirates Dirham (AED)
United KingdomLondonPound Sterling (GBP)
United StatesWashington, D.C.United States Dollar (USD)
UruguayMontevideoUruguayan Peso (UYU)
UzbekistanTashkentUzbekistani Som (UZS)

List of Countries tarting with Letter V – Z

CountryCapitalCurrency
Vatican City (Holy See)Vatican CityEuro (EUR)
VenezuelaCaracasVenezuelan Bolívar (VES)
VietnamHanoiVietnamese Dong (VND)
Western SaharaEl AaiúnMoroccan Dirham (MAD)
YemenSana’aYemeni Rial (YER)
ZambiaLusakaZambian Kwacha (ZMW)
ZimbabweHarareZimbabwean Dollar (ZWL)

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